1) Place +에 가 (Casual)
+ (e ga)
2) Place +에 가요 (Polite)
+ (e gayo)
+에 (+e) is equivalent to the English ‘to’. However, in English the ‘to’ in “I’m going to school” comes before the place ‘school’. In Korean, +에 (+e) is added at the end of the place word. Since +에 (+e) is a postposition, there is no space between it and the place word, as explained previously. ***See ‘Spaces Between Words’ in Unit 3. Study the examples below :
1) 학교에 가요. I’m going to school.
2) A: 어디 가요? Where are you going?
B: 집에 가요. I’m going home.
3) A: 어디(에) 가세요? Where are you going?
B: 학교(에) 가요. I’m going to school.
***Note 1 : +에 is also different from the English ‘to’ in that it can be omitted in colloquial speech as long as the context does not make the meaning less clear. However, +에 cannot be omitted when the word to which +에 is attached consists of a single syllable, for example : 집, 강, 산, and so on.
***Note 2 : 에 sound as ‘e’ in set.
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