Basically, we have :
(1) ㄱ k/g (as in kid or game)
(2) ㄷ t/d (as in tiger or dog)
(3) ㅂ p/b (as in pig or bed)
(4) ㅈ ch/j (as in charming or jungle)
(5) ㅅ s (as in speech)
(6) ㅁ m (as in mother)
(7) ㄴ n (as in noise)
(8) ㄹ r/l (as in rain or lily)
(9) ㅎ h (as in high)
(10) ㅇ ng (as in ring) This sound only applies when ㅇ is the final consonant of a syllable.When the same symbol is used at the start of a syllable it has no sound, and acts as a dummy consonant for syllables that begin with a vowel.
***Note : According to the original Hunmin Jeongeum text :
ㄱ depicts the root of the tongue blocking the throat;
ㄴ depicts the outline of the tongue touching the upper palate;
ㅁ depicts the outline of the mouth;
ㅅ depicts the outline of the incisors (the teeth at the front);
ㅇ depicts the outline of the throat.
The other symbols were derived by adding strokes to the basic ones.
Practise writing the consonants, paying attention to the stroke order shown below.
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